Brandenburg-Prussian Army Uniform
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Grenadier in double breasted coat. Breasts turned all way down. Brandenburg, 1698. By Schenk, Pieter (1660 - 1711).[1]
Type: Battledress
Designation: Unknown
Place of origin: Brandenburg-Prussia
Produced: 1650s-1709
Manufacturer(s): Unknown
Material(s): Unknown
Evolved from: Unknown
Evolved into: Prussian Army Uniform 1715
Used by: Brandenburg-Prussian Army
Wars: War of the Spanish Succession[2]
The Prussian Army Uniform (17th-18th century) is a battledress of Prussian origin.[3][4][5]


Brandenburg-Prussia relied primarily on landsknecht mercenaries during the Thirty Years' War, however Frederick William, the Elector of Brandenburg attempted to professionalize his soldiers.

As a consequence of these military reforms, the Brandenburg-Prussian army adopted modern uniforms in the 1670s-1680s.This was the first standardized uniform of the Prussian army and followed the contemporary trends of the western European armies.

These uniforms were used up until the War of the Spanish Succession, for example at the Siege of Turin, and underwent a major modification under the reforms of king Frederick William I circa 1715.



In the second half of the seventeenth century the half armor disappeared completely in all European armies. Though, the pikemen and officers continued wearing chest and back plates known in German as Küraß (cuirass).

Felt hats were generally worn in battle instead of the metal helmets (Eisenhuts), and occasonally, a narrow skull caps (Hirnhaube). With the disappearance of the pikemen at the end of the seventeenth century, the cuirass finally came out of the armament of the infantry.

The officers and NCOs were generally armed like the pikemen. From the decorated and partly gilded armor harness of the officers, the gorget (Ringkragen) gradually emerged as a service badge.

In the case of the grenadiers, the grenadier hat was developed from the hat worn in leisure time, by adding a sheet to the cap, which was later attached to the laces. The musketeer's felt hats had wide brims.