A Garant manufactured PSH-77 helmet[1]
Type: Spec ops helmet
Designation: PSH-77
Place of origin: Switzerland
Produced: 1977-???
Manufacturer(s): Tig Bicord AG, GARANT Schutztechnik GmbH[2]
Material(s): titanium
Evolved from: Unknown
Evolved into: Altyn
Used by: GSG 9, Alpha Group, Diensteinheit IX
Wars: Soviet–Afghan War
The PSH-77 is a titanium helmet of Swiss origin.[3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10]


The PSH-77 is a crash helmet made of titanium and has installed a speaker, a volume control, a plug for connecting a handheld radio and the recording of a microphone. A ballistic visor can be attached to the helmet, and the helmet also has metal angles which serve as a stop for the visor.

The inner lining is the same as in the "Springerhelm" (German M31) but the chin strap was changed. The chin strap of the PSH-77 had to be changed due to its considerably higher weight. The weight of the helmet does not allow the attachment of the chin strap by means of the open and closed eyelet because the chin strap could come loose from the open eyelet.

In order to prevent the helmet from wobbling on the wearer's head, an additional neck strap has been fastened, which can be fitted to the head of the wearer.[1]

The radio connections on the male end were a 2-pin set that fit Motorola connectors making them fairly universal. The earliest and also rarest examples lack the communication set.



In the 1980s, only two companies possessed the means to produce titanium helmets: the Swiss company Tig Bicord AG and Ulbrechts of Austria. Both companies pursued a similar style helmet which maximized coverage of the wearer's head while providing radio communications and a removable bulletproof visor. The former used a polyurethane liner while the latter used a traditional German suspension system consisting of a metal band and leather cap.

The PSH-77 helmet was first produced by Tig Bicord AG in the late 1970s. It is unknown what the PSH-77 designation stands for, however the 77 suggests that 1977 might be the year of introduction of the helmet, also the helmet is commonly known as TIG helmet after its manufacturer.

West GermanyEdit

The PSH-77 was also used by the German GSG-9 from 1978-1999.[11]

Soviet UnionEdit

The PSH-77 was purchased by the Soviet Union in the late 1970s in order to be used by KGB units such as the Alpha and Vympel thus becoming the first spec ops helmet of the USSR. The KGB at the time desired a crash helmet for its special purpose units similar to what TIG and Ulbrechts produced, so a number of PSH-77 helmets were purchased. It is also assumed that Ulbrechts helmets were purchased as well since several have been recently released from the TsSN inventory.

The first documented use of the PSH-77 in combat was during Operation Storm-333 at the beginning of the Soviet–Afghan War and was used throughout the war. In the 1990s, the helmet continued being used by the Russian spetsnaz in the Chechen Wars and well into the 21st century.

The helmet became a staple for the Soviet and later Russian helmet manufacturing and as such examples were handed over to NII Stali for replication. NII Stali then developed the capacity to produce stamped titanium helmet shells, which as mentioned before was previously only available to Switzerland and Austria.

East GermanyEdit

The East German Diensteinheit IX used the PSH-77.


in the 1990s by the Yugoslavian Special Anti-Terrorist Unit.


In popular cultureEdit

  • The PSH-77 helmet is featured in the video game Counter-Strike. It is worn with helmet cover by the GSG 9.


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