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A Top helmet made in Gwalior in the 18th century, image courtesy of Victoria and Albert Museum[1]
Type: Cavalry Helmet
Designation: Top
Place of origin: Unknown
Produced: 17th-18th century
Manufacturer(s): Unknown
Material(s): iron or steel, gold
Evolved from: Unknown
Evolved into: Unknown
Used by: Maratha Army, Mughal Army
Wars: Maratha Conquests
The Top is a helmet of Maratha origin.[2][3][4]


The Top is made of steel and its most characteristic feature is the pointed and curved-over crest and a curved tail projecting below rim. Some examples are partially gilt, leaving panels of steel while others are completely gilt. It also has adjustable nose-guard and two feather holders. Additional protection panels like cheek guards, face guards and neck guard can be attached.


The Top helmet design appeared in India in the 17th century. It was primarily worn by Maratha cavalry troops in the Maratha Conquests of the 17-18th century. The helmet was also used by Maratha troops in Mughal service.


In popular cultureEdit



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